When most people think of Canadian immigration, they are thinking about permanent residence in Canada. Applications for permanent residence are generally completed while the applicant is outside Canada and falls into the following categories: Federal Business Class, Provincial Nominee Programs, Refugees, Skilled Workers and close family members.
When most people think of Canadian immigration, they are thinking about permanent residence in Canada, whether in Nova Scotia or elsewhere in the country. Applications for permanent residence are generally completed while the applicant is outside Canada. There are two main programs to choose from: the family class and the economic class. Some applicants may apply while in Canada: refugees, humanitarian and compassionate applications, spouses of Canadians and people who are here on valid (temporary) work permits while their permanent residence applications are in process. Further details on these categories can be found below.
Federal Business Class
Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Pilot Program (quota: 50/yr)
This program allows qualifying applicants to make a passive investment in return for permanent residence. Here’s the eligibility criteria and requirements:
– Worldwide net worth of minimum 10 million dollars (CAD) from lawful, profit-making business activities
– Completion of post-secondary education
– Proficiency in English or French
– 2 Million CAD investment (non-guaranteed) in the program’s designated investment fund. Term of investment: 15 years.
Start-Up Visa (venture capital or angel investor-backed)
This category provides permanent residence to applicants who have a Canadian venture capital or angel investor-backed business plan. IRCC is partnering with the Canadian Venture Capital Association and the National Angel Capital Organization to assess and facilitate this category and assess the qualifications of the proposed start-ups. At least one year of post-secondary education and functional English or French are required.
Self Employed (artists, athletes and farmers)
The Self-Employed Class is for world-class artists, high-performance athletes and experienced farmers intending to purchase and operate a farm in Canada.
Provincial Nominee Programs
Each Canadian province has the ability to nominate immigrants with skills or circumstances the province values and needs. Let us know which province you are interested in. We will let you know if there is a provincial immigration category suitable for you. Or – let us know your skills and circumstances and we will tell you which Canadian province is looking for someone just like you!
This area of our practice is founded on the belief in international human rights and Canada’s obligation to offer safety and security to those who need it. There are two routes for refugees – inland applications for asylum or private sponsorship of overseas refugees. We can assist with both areas.
NOTE: Information on sponsoring Syrian refugees – Group of 5 is back!
Two significant things have happened recently to resurrect the G5 option:
- IRCC removed the requirement to have a proof of UN refugee status document for Syrians who are outside Syria. This makes the process considerably more streamlined because the refugees no longer need to wait years for a UN interview. Of course, all screening processes are still in place, including for security, medical and criminal admissibility.
2. IRCC has started allowing G5s to select from the BVOR list.
This should make the G5 option considerably more streamlined and accessible for anyone interested in sponsoring Syrian refugees.
Please contact us if you would like assistance with a G5 or a Community Group refugee sponsorship process.
The Canadian government has been revamping the skilled worker categories over the past few years. The old skilled worker program was criticised for bringing in the best and brightest – even though their credentials may not be recognized in Canada. We ended up with the most highly educated taxi drivers in the world.
Currently, there are three federal skilled worker categories: Federal Skilled Workers, Federal Skilled Trades and Canada Experience Class. These are administered through the new Express Entry portal. Applicants first create a profile (and thereby enter “the Pool”), and that in turn provides a score. On a monthly (or so) basis, IRCC issues Invitations to Apply (ITA) to those ranked highest. Anyone with a LMIA-based job offer is guaranteed to be issued an ITA, assuming they meet the other criteria.
In order to enter the Pool, you must have at least 67 points and both a credential assessment and a language test. At the ITA stage, you will need the medical and police checks, along with the rest of the actual permanent residence forms and supporting documents.
Note that the Express Entry profile creation can be tricky due to the initial scoring to enter the Pool and the way certain occupations are coded under the NOC (National Occupation Classification), in addition to other system requirements which are less than intuitive. We are happy to assist with the profile creation and/or the application process. Please see our fees page for further details.
As of May 2015, there were approximately 38,000 people in the Pool and most scores were between 350 and 450. Because IRCC is still working through the backlogs of the old programs, it has enough “inventory” to meet its 2015 and 2016 targets with fairly low Express Entry numbers expected in the next 2 years. However by 2017, IRCC will be relying mostly on Express Entry to meet its economic immigration targets, meaning it will be issuing around 100,000 ITAs annually.
Here’s a list of the early draws and scores:
|Draw #||Date||#ITAs||Min CRS|
Total ITAs to July 18,2015: 13,375
Average CRS Points: 618
If you are married to a Canadian, in a common-law relationship with a Canadian, have a parent you wish to sponsor to come to Canada, or wish to adopt a child in another country, you may qualify for one of the Family Class categories. Send us an email and we’ll give you a few options to consider.